Download complete project material on The Laying Of Ceramic Glazed Poly Gold from chapter one to five
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT
By definition, Tiles is a manufactured piece of hard wearing material such as ceramic, stones, metal or even glass, generally used for covering floor, shower, roof or other object such as table tops. Tiles can sometimes refer to similar units made from lightweight materials such as pertile, wood and mineral wood, typically used for wall and ceiling applications.
In other words, a tile is a construction tile or similar object, such as rectangular counters used in playing games (see tile-based games). The word tile is derived from the French word tuile, which is in turn from the Latin word tegula, meaning a roof tile composed of fired clay. They are mostly made of ceramic, typically glazed for internal uses and unglazed for external uses. But other materials are also commonly used such as glass cork, concrete and other composite materials, and stones.
Tiling stones are typically marble, onyx, granite, or state; thinner tiles can be used on walls than on floor which require more durable surface that will resist impact.
Tiles provide one of the most cost-effective and environmentally friendly flooring choices.
Tiles are made from natural clay and often from (recycled) materials. Tiles manufacturing does not necessitate the use of heavy chemicals or other harmful substances used to make other flooring types. There are no trees to be cut down as with hardwood floors and the best part is that tiles are durable and have a long life span.
Ceramic tiles are created from the natural material of clay. There are typically three types of clay used to provide ceramic tiles. These types of clay are categorized as Kaolin, Stone wares, or Earth wares. The physical properties of the tile and the temperature at which a tile is fired in the kiln, is dependent on the type of clay used.
Despite the difference that these three types of clay possess, they also share numerous similarities. All types of clay are a natural material from the ground, found commonly where there was once a flowing body of water. All clay is a composite of soil, minerals, plant and animal remains broken up by water pressure. This composition of materials is referred to as silt, which is settled into the ground water, and later creates the clay used for ceramic tile production.
Ceramic tiles have been used in various methods by diverse culture all around the world. Before the birth of ceramic tiles, pottery was a widely use medium for functional, cultural and religious needs.
Asians and Greeks produced a plurality of pottery object that serve specific daily functions in their lives, to object that were pure cultural and religious emblems of their societies. On the other hand, other items such as Kylinx pot, which was used as a drinking cup, conformed to an extremely functional use of ceramics for the same society. As techniques and physical properties of clay continue to be explored and discovered, ancient societies began using ceramics for increasingly diverse uses than just pottery. Egyptians pyramids, Babylon and Ancient Greek cities demonstrate the first use of ceramic tiles.
Ceramic tiles were first used in mosaic either for decorative patterns or for symbolic purposes, with mosaic illustrating an important individual, landscape, or story that held cultural significance to that society. This was perhaps the first use of ceramics as a finishing medium used to decorate interiors, marking a transition point of ceramics being used as a functional medium that still holds cultural meaning instead of solitary functional or decorative pottery/object.
The industrial revolution shifted the hand-made craft into a fast producing man-made production. Ceramic tiles and their physical properties continued to evolve new tiles of different shapes and size, with different colors, texture and quantity were being produce much more than before are in much higher quantity. The industrial revolution increased the production of ceramic tiles as it is did for many other production at that time and naturally became widely accessible for more people to buy and use in their own built environment.
From this point it can be argued that ceramic tile became a stapled in design and decoration in interiors and exteriors around the world, as different cultures and societies adopted this material and used it in their own expressive and cultural way in their environment.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
For thousands of years, discerning builders have chosen tile for their project due to its many benefits when you begin to factor in how environmentally friendly ceramic and porcelain tile products are you’ll see that tile is the obvious choice when construction either a residential or commercial structures.
Ceramic and porcelain tiles are some of the durable flooring product in the market today. Unlike carpet, vinyl, or laminate flooring which have to be replaced periodically, properly installed tile will last a long.
In this generation, clients have decided to choose tile in replace of cement screed because of this following;
- It is fashionable
- It is able to withstand any imposed load placed on it.
- It requires low maintenance and are often cleaned with warm water, eliminating the need for chemicals, and tile is hospitable to dust mites mold, germs, and bacteria and often use to replace cement screed or carpet for people with allergies to asthma.
1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT
The major objectives of this project are:
- To obtain the physical mechanical and durability characteristics of unit produce.
- To lay tiles using glazed ceramic floor tiles arranged in a running bond patterns.
1.4 SIGNIFICANT OF THE PROJECT