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The Impact Of Social Media On Student Academic Performance In Higher Institution

Download complete project materials on The Impact Of Social Media On Student Academic Performance In Higher Institution from chapter one to five with references and appendix

Recently there has been considerable discussion regarding the frequent use of social media tools (e.g. Facebook, Myspace, 2go, Twitter) by high school and college students and the possible effect of those tools on student’s academic performance (commonly, 2011: Hargitai and H. Sieh, 2010) at the core of the project work is whether the growing use of social media by higher institution student actually improves or worsen a student’s academic performance with the expected continued growth in the usage of these tools by student’s as early as secondary school level (Anderson and Raine, 2012), this issue has wide spread implication particularly for area of education.


Title page




Table of Contents


1.1 Background to the study

1.2 Statement of the problem

1.3 Objectives of the study

1.4 Research Questions (and or Hypothesis)

1.5 Significance of the study

1.6 Scope of the study

1.7 Operational definitions of terms


2.1 Theoretical framework

2.2 Conceptual framework

2.3 Research studies Review


3.1 Research method

3.2 Population of the study

3.3 Sample Size and Sampling Techniques

3.4 Instrumentation

3.5 Validity and Reliability of the Instrument

3.6 Method of Administration of the Instrument

3.7 Method of Data Analysis


4.1 Analysis of the Field Performance of the Instruments

4.2 Analysis of the Demographic Segment of the Instrument

4.3 Analysis of the Research Questions (and or Hypothesis)


5.1 Summary

5.2 Limitations of the study

5.3 Conclusion

5.4 Recommendations





The use of social media by students, especially facebook, the most common social media to communicate and explore different interesting information through this everyone can say that getting addicted with social media will greatly affect the student’s academic performance.

The young people especially the students nowadays are prone with the use of different technologies. Sometimes they are getting tired in doing their home work and in studying their lessons and because of this, they rather surf on internet and open them to have some fun. Nonis and Hudson (2006) stated that students already “spend too little time studying” due to their busy lives here in the selected institution in Kwara State students use of focus with their studies for their chosen course is not that easy. If a student get addicted to facebook and spend too much time for it definitely he will find it hard to deal with his academic performance.

The social media addiction among students is a very popular issue that still need to be observe and solve by the student on their own. They must learn to considered their behaviour in performing any actions. Indeed, there is nothing wrong in using social media what’s matter most was the discipline within their ownselves.

Many students rely on the accessibility of information on social media specifically and that means a reduced on learning and retaining information. Students who attempts to multi-tasks, checking social media sites while studying may have their academic performances affected either positively or negatively.

According to their grades we can determine the academic performance of students. It says that if the students earns high grades it means that he/she studies a lot, while low grades indicates that less studying.

At the core of this project work is whether the growing use of social media in the selected higher institution in Kwara State if it actually improves or worsens a student’s academic performance with the expected continual growth in the usage of those (e.g. facebook, 2go, whatsapp) by students as raises a concern on the effectiveness of their educational career or performance.

Just as the term social media has obtained a fairly board meaning, the term generally refers to internet-based communication that allow individual and groups to interact. Social medial specifically refer to those internet based services that promote online social interaction between two or more person within a bounded system for the purpose of friendship, meeting other person and /or exchanging information, contains a functionality that let users create public or semi-public personal profile pages that contain information of their own choosing, serves as a mechanism to communicated with other user and contains mechanisms that allow users to search for other users according to some specific criteria (Zwart Lindsay, Henderson 2011).

Social media such as facebook, myspace linked and twitter are good example of sites that meet the previously stated criteria. Social media use overall grown significantly since 2005 with some estimate of nearly 78% of student using social media in terms of daily usage more recent estimate shows facebook as having each day 750 million use worldwide, Youtube having over 3 billion views each day, Twitter have over 177 million tweets per day, why good percentage of this population are student (Chen and Bryer, 2012).

The academic performance of these students, social media and academic performance, the issue of where social media helps or hurts or a student academic performance is often concerned with larger issues identified with the overall use of social media (e.g. it psychological effect, privacy and safety concern, individual self-discipline and self-regulation concerns, human adaptability concerns) Roseri and Conolly 2011.


Social media website, such as facebook, twitter and linked in are currently used by many people to connect with their friends and relative around the globe (Dele and Lewis, 2013). The use of the various social media platforms has grown so fast that it has even attracted the attention of higher institution students, they are so engrossed in the site that they have almost completely forgotten about their academic work, higher institution student are considered victims of social media site more than group of people as they negatively impact of their academic performance (Windharm, 2007).

Higher institution student easily get tempted to use the various social media platforms when trying to obtain learning material online. In most cases the student end up spending almost all their times on social media and forget about the course materials they originally intended to look for (Guffery and Almonte, 2010).

Social Media serve as a significant distraction for academic performance of student’s facebook the most popular social media site was specifically design for undergraduates and is the most frequently used. Therefore, time spent on social media may affect academic performances for example time spent on facebook may directly affect and /or moderate the relationship between traditional predictors of academic performance (i.e. Act Scores, high school GPA, study time etc and college GPA vital to lives of many college student.

Addition of social media increase short attention spans and subverted higher-order reasoning skills such as concentration, persistence and analytical reasoning among students frequently use social media a tendency to over-estimate one’s ability to multi-task and manage projects and technology bring sees as a substitute for the analytical reasoning process.

The risk plays a vital role in student’s academic performance to various degrees and at various times.


The objectives of this study was to begin exploring the possible impact of social media use on the academic performance of student’s attending the selected higher institution. Is Kwara State the study primary goal is to identify key themes, trends and or perception that can be used as a foundation for more in-depth empirical research and can be used to develop policy recommendation to deal with this growing phenomenon.

A qualitative research design was used and three preliminary research were formed to guild this study. (i.e. facebook, myspace, twitter & linkin) among college student for those students who do utilize social networking site in overage? How long do they on those sites collectively per day and or per week? How does the academic performance of student compared between students who utilize social media sites and students who do not use social media sit? findings from this seem to confirm performance.

In addition student ability to concentrate on the task at hand is significantly reduced by the distractions that are brought by the social media tools. The more time student spend on social media and the spread at which information is published has created a lax attitude towards proper spelling and grammar. This reduces a students’ ability to effectively write without relying on a computers spell check features.

Social media has emerged as a term frequently used to describe different types of communication platforms and election ways of interacting. This research work will utilize the definition of social media develop by bryer and zavataro (2008) as being “technologies that facilitate social interaction, make possible collaboration and enable deliberation across stakeholders.

Utilizing the definition, social media includes such tools as electronic blogs, audio/video tools (e.g. Youtube), internet chat rooms and others while all the previous tools can and do facilitate the impact of social media on student academic performance.

Social media specifically to those interact-based services that promote on line social interaction between two or more persons within a bounded system for the purpose of friendship, meeting other persons and or exchanging information contain a functionality that let others create public or some-public personal profile page that contain information of their own.

In conclusion the objectives of this study was to explore the impact of social media on students academic performance in the selected institution in Kwara State.


This research attempts to final answers to the following research questions:

  1. What is social media?
  2. What are the merits of effective utilization of social media?
  3. What are the various social media through which academic performance of the students can be executed?
  4. Which of the social media do you think best suit the academic performance of the students?


The study is quiet significant in considering the problem area which the study is predicted upon which is the impact of social media on academic performance of the student.

The goal is to identify key themes, trends and or perception that can be used as a foundation for more in-depth empirical research. The study presents the first step in examining this issue for the purpose of developing research grounded policy, while offering recommendation that can improve proper usage of the social media.


The research was carried out in the selected institution in Kwara State to respond to questionnaire, the student takes care on impact of social media on academic performance of student in higher institution which such impact of social media might be in existence through irregular studying online and social interaction to keep activities in schools lives.

This study was mainly concentrated on the impact of social media on the academic performance of student in higher institution in needs to be clearly and specifically sated that the study was concluded only in the selected higher institution and was not extended from the selected institution, Kwara State Polytechnic and University of Ilorin.


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