Production is any unique process or procedure designed to transform a set of input elements into a specific set of output elements. Input elements include land, labour, capital and entrepreneurial ability while output elements are goods and services that satisfy human wants. Goods and services are viable only if they provide satisfaction to the customers and the simple interior is the only general condition existence manufacture and distribution of goods. It can also be define as the science and at concerned with the slow of material in industry and commerce.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents
CHAPTER ONE: Introduction
Background of the study
1.1 Statement of the problem
1.2 Objective of the study
1.3 Significance of the study
1.4 Scope of the Study
1.5 Plan of the Study
CHAPTER TWO: Literature Review
2.0 Literature Review
2.1 Production system
2.2 Types of production system process
2.3 A typical production processing system
2.4 Inventory control
2.5 Importance of inventory control
2.6 Reasons for carrying out inventory
2.7 Cost of inventory
2.8 Inventory control methods
CHAPTER THREE: Research Methodology
3.0 Research Methodology
3.1 Historical background of the case study
3.2 Population of the study
3.3 Research Design
3.4 Sources of data
3.5 Method of data analysis
CHAPTER FOUR: Presentation, Interpretation and Analysis of Data
4.2 Interpretation of results
4.3 Testing of hypothesis
CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
5.0Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
As a business function production is primarily concerned with the transformation or conversion of input resources (raw materials) into finished goods. It can be said to be the relationship between factors of production (I.e. land, labour, and capital) and a given output.
Planning is defined as the first and perhaps the most important function at management. The essence of planning events. Planning goes beyond attempting to attain stated organization of objective. It involves the development of strategy and procedure required for effective realization of the entire plan. The most basic function of the management function is planning and it involves selection from among alternatives future causes of action for the whole organizational objectives. Planning have finished the standard of control.
Inventory on the other hand is an important factor in the achievement of an organisation’s overall objective.
Inventory refers to any stock on items within the production system or in the operation of the business. In operation management, inventory refers to resources that remain idle in anticipation of satisfying a future demand for it. The state of processing one is likely to see in a factory but all the human resources maintained but not currently used by an organisation in order to meet anticipated demand for its product or services. According to monk (1977) inventories are one of the major assets of most firms ranging for perhaps 25% to 75% of their current assets. This depends on firms or types of industry actually next of plants, buildings and equipment, inventories often from bulk of assets value of an organisation, which requires large amount of investment and capital cost of maintenance.
Control is a process that guides activities towards some predetermined goals. Control is the managerial ability that helps to ensure acquisition and use of the enterprise resources and achievement of its objectives. It involves a comparison against some previously established standard and then taking corrective action when an unacceptable deviation occurs.
Production planning is the function of management concerned with deciding what production facilities are required how these production facilities should be laid out in the space available for production and how they should be used to produce products. It will be seen that the function has two main parts. First, it is concern with routing or planning the sequence of work tasks that have to be carried out to complete products and second, it is concerned with layout or planning the spatial relationship between the places were work is done.
Production planning inventory control function in general include the planning itself taking strategic decision areas relation to and setting up devices (s) to check and investment and capital cost maintenance of the productive system quality control, product objective and setting in motion of applicable corrective work as expected. All these will have to be put in place through careful production planning and inventory control.
1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It has been observed that majority of the manufacturing companies in Nigeria do not carry out production planning and control more complex and this has made it difficult to achieve the expected result, these failures, which may be due to unavailability of fraud labour, shortage of raw materials, lack of managerial ability etc, will be research into.
Problems such as stock high capital tied on inventory damages and breakages, pilterage, stock out and buffer stock can be easily avoided when one effective and efficient inventory control system is in place.
No matter how prosperous a company may be inventory control and planning requires a professional expertise.
1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
This study is being carried out to achieve the following objectives:
- To examine the problems that production department.
- To analyse how effectively and efficiently the company utilizes the resources at its disposal.
iii.To analyse how inventory should be controlled in order to guide against stock out so as to meet production level.
Therefore all these will be examined so as to formulated the best model for the operation of manufacturing company in Nigeria with particular reference to TUYIL PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY LIMITED, ILORIN.
1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Upon the completion of the study, the benefits listed below are expected to be derived.
– The study will add to the research previously down these probe areas.
– To identify the challenges faced by production personnel in the course of manufacturing the desire output.
– To achieve a smooth and economical operation of the production distribution system.
– The study will finally educate organisation and the general public on the importance of production planning and inventory control.
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The research study will specifically focused on the production process ways in which the company manages its inventory system to enhanced continuity and all other activities involve in the conversion process till where finished products are stores in readiness for dispatch to customer.
1.5 PLAN OF THE STUDY
This study is divided into five chapters. The first chapter focuses on the introductory aspect discussing relevant section such as statement of research problem, importance of the study.
Chapter two focuses on the review of relevant literature on the topic i.e. it consider views of different authors on production planning and inventory control, role of inventory control, production system and its types and also reason for carrying out inventory was locked into:
Inventory control method of cost of inventory is also elaborated also, different methods of material sprcugarp also discussed.