Download complete project materials on Design And Implementation Of Management Information System For Ahmadu Bello Stadium Kaduna from chapter one to chapter five with references
The advent of computer technology has brought relief to repetitive tasks and has helped in the efficient management of information management system can be applied to any system that facilities storage, management and retrieved of information required for some particular application within a computer system. This makes it easier for information to be handled or managed. The stadium staffs have been finding it so difficult to manage information. For example, in the existing system where everything is processed manually, the operators find it difficult to store information or retrieve information when necessary. The issue of ticketing, which is needed in events to generate income for the sector. This project work will concentrates on the computerized ticket, information management in the stadium and facility management. With the aid of computer system, the data will be properly managed, organized and construction of a suitable program that will help in the management of stadium.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
This project work aimed to reduce the work of stadium operators, managers, and individual. Furthermore, the aims of this work it to.
(i) Design a new system that will be convenient and efficient, which will take care of difficulties encountered in the present manual system.
(ii) Design a new system that will enable the organization control crowd in every event.
(iii) Design a system that will make access to information easier.
The advent of computer Technology has brought relief to repetitive tasks and has helped in the better management and origination of data. Information management system can be applied to any system that facilitates storage, management and retrieved of data and information required for some particular application within a computer system.
This makes it easier for data to be handled or managed. The stadia staffs have been finding it so difficult to manage information as it happened to be in the existing system where everything is processed manually, the operators find it difficult to store, locate or retrieve information when necessary especially the issue of processes and information of facilities used in the stadia are the major problems, all this processes contributed in a great extend in managing the income for the stadia management.
The event schedule in the stadia plays a vital role, information and processes about how event is being scheduled between the two stadia that have to be manage properly is also one of the major challenges face in the existing system. Therefore, this project is aimed at designing a system that is capable of managing information and processes between two stadiums and the scheduling of events in order for the stadia management to have efficient and accurate control over the overall management of the stadia.
A well equipped computer-based system will be design to handle the above existing challenges of the stadia management information system. And also proper report of the schedule event will be properly computerized and generate a report to facilitated immediate and efficient decision by the stadia management.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This research work portrays what it hopes to achieve in the course of this project which is aimed at reducing the work of stadia operators, managers, and individuals. Furthermore, the purposes to be achieved are as follows:
(i) Study the present way of making the stadia facilities be up to standard.
(ii) Design a new system that will be more convenient and efficient, which will take care of difficulties encountered in the previous manual system.
(iii) Design a new system that will enable the organization in the scheduling of each event to be held in the two stadiums.
(iv) Design a system that will make access to record or information about the stadia’s easier.
Professional sports stadiums are among the largest public investment projects in every part of the world, because they are constructed at the expense of valuable land and other urban projects. Therefore, the management of information is essential. The design and implementation of Stadia management system is purposely aimed at introducing a well equipped software tool that will enhance and manage all the information regarding the scheduling events and activities of the studied stadia.
However, it appears that the stadium development can generate tangible economic benefits in some economy, but this cannot be achieved without proper management of information and facilities of the stadia. Due to the recent trend of sports stadium developments, the purpose of this research work is to create an easier ways for the stadia staff in accessing information between the two stadiums and also how event are scheduled.
This propose system will be properly studied and observe the existing system of managing schedules and events and their associative bottlenecks encountered, and also the system is capable of managing information and processes between two stadiums base on how the scheduling of events is carried out in order for the stadia management to have efficient and accurate control over the overall management of the stadia.
Baade etal (1988) offered some design strategies to Promote successful sports stadium developments, and assert, “A stadium is not usually enough of a significant development to anchor an area’s economy alone; rather, in considering revitalization of an urban neighborhood, a number of potential economic anchors should be developed simultaneously” (p. 273).
According to the study, Stadiums can become iconic Monoliths or be incorporated into the urban fabric by blending the stadium in with neighborhood design characteristics. Information and management plays a vital role as system provide means of managing records of events along with requested facilities, type, time, booked and schedules for effective and efficient management of the stadia.
Ahlfeldt and Maennig (2010) investigated whether the architectural and information quality of sports stadiums can accelerate urban redevelopment and gave several recommendations for the planning and design of such stadiums. According to the study, the stadium should illuminate Surroundings and contribute to the appreciation of the area through the use of lighting, which can inspire evening events, without dominating the surroundings. And also information pertaining all stadium sport facilities and structures most be manage to trail progress. Finally, the authors Suggested cities must replace investor architecture with cityscape-oriented architecture. Investor architecture is characterized by commercial considerations and constraints, whereas cityscape oriented architecture increases the attractiveness of the surrounding areas.
Furthermore, Stadia management researched indicated that a major issue in running a multi-purpose sports stadium is the need for buy-in from one or more major sports organizations. This degree of buy-in is considered necessary for the sustainability of a scheme. And all potential stadia locations should be evaluated with regards to their contribution to the need for good management and regeneration. In terms of stadia public facilities, all facilities be they stadia or otherwise, must be serviced by appropriate infrastructure, proper activities of events and specifically, in the case of sport stadia, the most important considerations relate to appropriate schedule which enables full use of stadiums facilities.
Krumholz (1999) suggests that when stadiums are publicly financed, negotiations should include policies that capture revenue and lower taxes such as “taxing the income of players, establishing the stadium within a special taxing district, capturing the public’s portion of the increased value of the team produced by the new facilities and leases, or assessing fees for broadcast and the telecast of games”. He concluded that all this can’t be achieved without efficient management of both internal and external facilities of the stadium. However, this research projects reviewed the economical impacts that presents local and regional effects of stadium developments by employing empirical analysis at state, regional, city, and neighborhood level. All this are other benefit that infers stadiums can be catalyst for urban development, as well as boosts a community’s sense of pride and attract tourists and a qualified workforce.
The literature also considered that the sports stadia are really being a viable mechanism to promote regional and local economic developments. Scholarly findings from more disaggregated level are also mixed, but some studies report certain tangible economic benefits, such as property value increases, as a result of a good stadium development of infrastructures and facilities management.
Young (2003) presented the measures Seattle took to preserve its neighborhood fabric when building the new multi-sport stadium and exhibition center. The complex offers links to historic Pioneer Square and other downtown districts, through height and material design Standards. Qwest Field is designed with the upper-level having an open end, with the “U” facing North toward downtown Seattle. This connects spectators to the surrounding communities, and Those outside the stadium have views inside.
The complex was also designed to provide for the Use of flex space in order to allow for integration between the facility and surrounding neighborhood. The venue could become an urban leisure center, hosting festivals and concerts For Seattle’s residents and visitors on non-game days.
METHODOLOGY AND DESIGN
Methodology and design of this program is generally a set of guidelines on how to solve a problems stated in the propose system, this can be done by the use of appropriate components such as phases, tasks, methods, tools and techniques. The analyses and the principles of rules and postulates for the design and implementation of the Stadia management system.
This chapter will state the system modeling according to the UML (Unified Modeling Language) design principle and approach which involves the input and output specification and techniques, it includes the activity and class diagram as well as the system flowchart that shows the general overview of the design and implementation of the propose system.
Method of Data Collection
In every research work, method of data collection plays a fundamental key role as it involves and procedures and instrument of finding the requirement objectives of the research. They are some certain techniques used for uncovering the information demanded to solve the studied problems. However, the methods of data collection used by the researcher are:
- INTERVIEW: interview is a formal meeting which at which the researcher and the respondents at together. This is the face to face communication between the interviewer and the respondent; it is the most widely used method to get an accurate detail about an existing system.
In the course of this research, the researcher was able to interview the general booking manager who was able to give more detail and all necessary information needed to carry system. The follow are the interviewed question asked by us and the answer given by the ABS stadium staffs
This phase of the project list out the equipments required to maintain the new designed system. These equipments are the major parts of computer namely:
Hardware and Software
These refers to the physical devices that make up computer system such as keyboard, mouse, printer, monitor etc. these devices can be seen, touched, felt and handle.
HARDWARE NEEDED EQUIPMENTS ARE:
- Pentium IV above systems
- 14 or 21 inch Monitor
- High speed processor e.g. (Intel 1.7GH)
- 256 or 513MB RAM
- 20-40GB Hard drive
- Un-Interrupted power supply
This is a set of program or instruction that is use in the hardware to make it function. In other word. In other word, software can be said to be a predefined instruction given to a computer to carry out a specific task.
SOFTWARE NEEDED EQUIPMENTS ARE:
- Utility Software
- Window XP OR Vista Operating System
The purpose of a class diagram is to depict the classes within a model. In an object oriented application, classes have attributes, operations (methods) and relationship with other classes. A class diagram shows the static structure of the problem / solution domain, where entities and their relationship is highlighted along with their attributes and responsibilities. The class diagram whether it is at high level (abstract level) or low level (implementation level) it shows the actual logic behind the execution of software / applications.
Use Case Diagram
Use Cases are services or functions provided by the system to its users and to identify the primary elements and processes that form the system. The primary elements are termed as “actors” and the processes are called “Use cases”. The Use Case diagram shows which actors interact with each use case and the purpose of a Use Case diagram is to provide a graphical view of the functionality provided by the system in terms of actors, goals of actors (represented as Use cases) and dependencies between Use cases.
Stadia Management System is purposely designed and developed to provide stadia with information system support toward efficient management of their facilities. The software also extends its application toward handling other stadia issues such as storage of large amount of facilities record as well as booking need.
The researcher have designed stadia management system to solve information and record management problems so that information or record manager’s should efficiently and effectively control the information inflow and outflow of the stadia facilities.
The project study thus far has looked at the vast importance of information technology especially in sports activities and how to apply to the information and record management in stadium. To solve problems encountered in the old system such as delay, time wasting, bulk of record etc. effective software is needed that will effective and efficiently manage information and recording challenges.
Ahlfeldt, G., & Maennig, W. (2009). Arenas, arena architecture and the impact of location
desirability: the case of ‘Olympic arenas’ in Prenzlauer Berg, Berlin. Urban Studies,
Ahlfeldt, G., & Maennig, W. (2010). Stadium architecture and urban development from the
Perspective of urban economics. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research,
Baade, R., & Dye, R. (1988). Sports stadiums and area development: a critical review. Economic
Development Quarterly, 2(3), 265-275.
Baade, R., Nikolova, M., & Matheson, V. (2006). A tale of two stadiums: comparing the
economic impact of Chicago’s Wrigley Field and U.S. Cellular Field. In R. Kemp (Ed.),
Cities and sports stadiums: A planning handbook (pp. 48-54). Jefferson, NC: McFarland
& Company, Inc.
Baim, D. (2003). Estimating the impact of the San Diego Chargers to the local economy
[PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://www.sandiego.gov/chargersissues/pdf/baim.pd.
Ball, M., Lizieri, C. and MacGregor. B. (1998) The Economics of Commercial
Property Markets. Routledge, London.
Beade, R.A. and Dye, R. (1990) The Impact of Stadiums and Professional Sports on
Metropolitan Area Development, Growth and Change, Spring (Spring), 1-14.
Bitner, M.J. (1992). Servicescapes: the impact of physical surroundings on customers and
employees, Journal of Marketing, 56, April, 57-71.
Brundtland Report (1987) in (WCED) World Commission on Environment and Development,
Our common future, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Buckley, R. (2004). The effects of World Heritage Listing on tourism to Australian National
Parks, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 12, 1, 70-84.
Chapin, T. (1998) Book review of: Sports, Convention, and Entertainment Facilities by Petersen,
- C., Journal of the American Planning Association, 64, (3), 378-379.
Davis Langdon (2004) Football Stadia: Cost Model, Building, Issue 23, June.
Deakin,N. and Edwards, J. (1993) The enterprise culture and the inner city. Routledge, London.
Department of the Environment (2004) Belfast Metropolitan Area Plan (BMAP) 2015 Draft.