Sunday, 19 February 2017

Challanges Of Marriage In The Contenporary Period With Special Reference To Kaduna North Local Government Area


ABSTRACT
The objective of this research include to identify the challenge of marriage in the contemporary period with special reference of Kaduna north local government area and find the appropriate of reducing the challenge of marriage in the contemporary period. Descriptive survey method was considered appropriately for collecting, analysing and interpreting data gathered from respondent. The major findings in this research include the problem of constant divorce, children form broken home and lack of home training. 



To guide this study,thirteenresearchquestions were drawn in accordance to the main objectives of this study. The population used was one hundred (100) respondents drawn from the sampled areas. The structured questionnaire was validatedand the rehabilitee of the instrument established for data collection. The data was collected personally by the researcher and the main statistic was used to analysedata, waspresented in tables according to research question that guided the studied. The data analyses reviewed basicchallenges facing marriage in our society. Marriage education should start from the society and hoped that couples will surely abide by marriage councillors.

CHAPTER ONE
1.1            Background To The Study
Marriage is one of the most intense human relationships. The quality of this relationship is continually redesigned by spouses and is potentially crucial to their overall experience of family life (Pimentel, 2012). The universality of marriage does not mean that everybody in every society gets married. It means only that most people in every society get married at least once in their lifetime. Marriage is one of the universal social institutions. Is established by human society to control and regulate the sex life of human being. 

Marriage merely means a socially approved sexual and economic union of male and female. When one reaches marriageable age, he or she subconsciously enters to the spousal supply and demand system in which comparison, selection and marriage occur. It is closely connected with the institution of family. The Quran commands (chapter 4 verse 18) and if you fear that you cannot act equitably towards orphans then marry such woman as seem good to you two, three, four, but if you fear that you will not do justice (between ) them then (marry) only one or what your right hands possess, thus is more proper that you may not deviate from the right course.

Rao (2011)opinedthatgillinandgillin marriage is a socially approvedwayof establishing a family for procreation. Westmarck (2009) has remarked,marriageisrooted in the family rather than the family in the marriage. Whenwe say thatmarriage is universal we do not means that marriage and family custom are thesame in all societies. On the contrary, there is much variation from the society to society on how one marries whom one marries, and how many personone marries.

The universal culture about is that no society permits people tomarry parents, brothers, sisters. The Quran is strongly against marriage ofparents(Quran chapter 4 verse 22): and not marry woman whom your fathers married except that what has already passed; this surely is indecent and hateful and it is anevil way. The familyoften includes more individuals than parents and their immature offering. It may include two or more related married couples and their children. Marriage is an institution of society which can have very different cultures,it purposes, functions and forms may differ from society to society, but it is present everywhere as an institution (Rao2011)

Marriage can be defined as coming together of matured man and woman of intimacy to makea happy home. Every society develops a pattern for guiding its marriage of two persons who may havenever met.In some societies, marriage is romantic adventure with a person who has come to Love.Horton et al(2011) viewedmarriage as the improved social patternwhereby two or more people establishes afamilymarriage, Horton (2011) in his views sees the family as an interaction of husband and wife including the production and socialization of the children. 

Hefurther said that marriage is a system of relationship containing inducements which makes member or coupleseither to stayor leave themarriage. According to him, marital inducement is something that is given to a person in order to persuade him /her to remain in the marriage orto quit. To remain in the marriage include theattractivenessormarital union itself, which causespartner to stay together. The inducementto quit theunion includes improper sexual and marriage adjustment.


Oridoroga (2009) expressed that “marriage and hence family are likely to bestable in smaller communities in which primary relationshipspredominates over the secondary relationships, these are characteristics of modern-urban settlement. She further discussed marriage instability in the family is as a result of economic function and this is an important unit of social organization or in any situation where marriage tends to be primarily or economic contangent. Therefore, this research is designed to access the challenges ormarriage in the contemporary period with special reference to girl child Muslim student in Kaduna NorthLocal government area of Kaduna state.


            1.2     Statement of the Problem
Through out the world, marriage is regarded as a moment of celebration of celebration and milestone in adult life. Marriage is one factor that is considered in Nigeria when describing who is a responsible member of society and who is not.
As the marriage is a contract between two parties, it is clear that it shall continue only so long as the two parties carryoutthe terms and conditions of the contract. But if both either of themshould fail to carryout the terms or fulfil their duties towards each other, the contract may be broken. In view of the above, an attempt will be madeto address the impediments that may derail the progress ofmarriagein our society.


           1.3     Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is tofind out the challenges of marriage in the contemporary periodof the girl child Muslims student and proffer solutions to solve them. The main objectives are to:
1.     Examine the challenges of marriage in the contemporary period with special reference to girl child Muslim student.
2.     Examine the effect of marriage on the academic performance of female students in Kaduna north local Government Area ofKaduna State.
3.     Suggest possible solutions to the challenges of marriage in the contemporary period.


            1.4     Research Questions
The following questions will be look into by the researcher during the course of this study.
1.     What are the challenges of marriage in the contemporary period?
2.     What are the effects of marriage on the academic performance of female students in the study area?
3.     What strategies could be adopted to minimize the challenges of marriage in the study area?

             1.5     Hypothesis
Although the situation on the risk of child marriage has improved overtime the pace is slow. Both the year of birth andyear of marriage cohorts of what women suggest that the livehood of marrying as a child has decreased significantly in recent years. The challenges of the girl child muslim students was significantlyhigher when husband has no formal education or little education, and when thewives were unemployed or unskilled workers.  The Muslimwomen’s education level was the singlemost significant negative determinantof child marriage.

Thus, the variables identified are important determinants of the girl child student. Education of women and their husbands and womens occupation, place of residence and programmes to help and,motivate girls to stay in school even after the early marriages but will also support societal  development. The rigid enforcement on the legal minimum age at first marriage could the critical in decreasing the challenges of marriage in girl child Muslimsstudentswithreferences to the contemporary period.


           1.6     Significant of the Study
From the findings that will be obtained from this study, the challenges of marriage will be discovered. The effect of marriage on the education of female children will be known. This will be of great favour to educational personnelbecause it will help them to understand the challenges and the effects it has on their academic pursuit so that they will know what solutions to adopt to solve them.Despite the demands confronted by the researcher during the administration and collection of the instrument the researcher is taking more ease on the negative effect that will constitute to the validity of the research during the analysis of the data collected.


           1.7     Scope of the Study
The scope of the study will determine the general effects of marriage on theeducation of the girl child and through suggestions, will know the appropriate steps to be taken.


            1.8     Limitations of the Study
The researcher encountered some challenges during this study. These challenges includes difficulties in process of sourcing of vital materials needed to accomplish the study.Another problem is that for obtaining permission from the researcher’s boss in her place of work,to source for these materials. More so, the researcher had no control over the respondents’ responses in the filling of the questionnaire.

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