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A Technical Report On Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme (Siwes)

SUMMARY

Amina Namadi Sambo Comprehensive Hospital Kaduna center was established in 23rd January
2008, the Student Industrial Work Experience Scheme is a skilled training
programme of various Tertiary Institutions for all Nigerians. The medical
center is well equipped with equipment and materials that enable me to apply
all the theoretical knowledge in real work situation, it exposes me on working
techniques and method of handling equipment, devices and machineries. It also
teaches me some safety laboratory precautions, and how to carryout tests in
various sections, such as parasitology, hematology, chemical pathology.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Declaration

Acknowledgement

Table of content

List of figures  

List of
Tables

List of
Abbreviations

Summary

CHAPTER ONE                 

1.0 Introduction to SIWES 

1.1 Background of
SIWES

1.2 Objectives of SIWES

1.3 Historical Development of Amina Namadi Sambo Comprehensive Hospital
Kaduna.                    

1.4 Organization chart, sample collection,
registration and dispatchment of result

1.5 Laboratory Department

1.5.1 Safety Laboratory Precautions

1.5.2 The Reception

1.5.3 Sample Collections

1.5.4 Registration and Labelling of
Samples

1.5.5 Given out and Dispatchment of Result

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Laboratory equipment’s


CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Main Activities of Amina Namadi Sambo Comprehensive Hospital Kaduna

3.1 Hematology  

3.1.1 Donor Screening

3.2 Grouping and Cross Matching (Compatibility Test)

3.3 Serological Test

3.4 Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Using One Step Hbsag
Test Strip

3.5 Hepatitis C Investigations

3.6 Parasitology

3.6.1 Malaria Parasites (MP) Test

3.6.2Widal (typhoid) Test

3.6.3 Urinalysis Test

3.6.4 Pregnancy Test (Hcg)

3.6.35 Sugar (Glucose) Test

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1 Conclusion

4.1 Recommendation

Reference

                                                                                                                               
SUMMARY
Amina Namadi Sambo Comprehensive Hospital Kaduna center was established in 23rd January 2008, the Student
Industrial Work Experience Scheme is a skilled training programme of various
Tertiary Institutions for all Nigerians. The medical center is well equipped
with equipment and materials that enable me to apply all the theoretical
knowledge in real work situation, it exposes me on working techniques and
method of handling equipment, devices and machineries. It also teaches me some
safety laboratory precautions, and how to carryout tests in various sections,
such as parasitology, hematology, chemical pathology.

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 INTRODUCTION
 It was established in October 8th
1971 by the decree 4047 of the Nigeria law, the student industrial work
experience is a skilled training program of various tertiary institutions for
all Nigerians. It is also aimed at providing the student an opportunity to
apply his/ her knowledge in real work situation. The Students’ Industrial Work
Experience Scheme (SIWES) program began in 1973/1974 as student industrial
training(SIT),

The program was established as a result of complains from
industries about the practical deficiencies of the nation higher institution
graduates. The scheme is therefore, the approval skills acquisitions forming a
part of the minimum academic requirement, degree/higher diploma program in all
Nigerian Institutions of higher learning. The industrial training fund (ITF) is
a body that was establish by the federal government.                                                                                                

1.1  Background of SIWES
The students’ industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) training program
is an industrial training given to students in Nigerian tertiary institutions
in order to introduce a student to practical knowledge of theories learned in
their various institutions, and also It provides students with opportunity of
learning the practical aspect of their course thereby seeking to bridge the gap
between theory and practical knowledge.

SIWES program usually commenced at the
third year of a four year course and also at the fourth year of a five years
course of various field of pure and applied sciences, Engineering, social
sciences.etc.SIWES program normally undertaken in a period of three to six
months after first semester break.

1.2 Aim and Objectives
Some of the objectives of
the student industrial work scheme include;
1.To provide an avenue for
students in institutions of higher learning to acquire industrial skills and
experiences in their course of study.
2.
To provide students with an opportunity to apply
their knowledge in real work and actual practice.
3.
To make the transition from school to the world of
work easier and to enhance students contacts for later job placement.
4. 
To prepare students for the work situation they are
likely to meet after graduation.
5.
To expose students to work methods and techniques in
handling equipments and machinery that may not be available in their
universities.
The main aim
of the SIWES is to provide students with an opportunity to apply their
theoretical knowledge in real work situation thereby bridging the gap between
the theory learnt in class and the practice.
1.3 
Historical Development of Amina Namadi Sambo Comprehensive Hospital
Kaduna

The hospital was officially commissioned by his Excellency Arc. Muhammad
Namadi Sambo (The Executive Governor of Kaduna State) on this day 23rd
January 2008.
1.4  Organisational Chart of Amina
Namadi Sambo Comprehensive Hospital Kaduna     
              The organizational structures are
as follows:-
      1.   Laboratory
department.     
      2.   Dental/Surgery
department.   
      3.   Maternity
unit.
      4.   Administration
and finance Unit
      5.   Pharmaceutical
department.
      6.   Nursing
Unit.
      7.   Environmental
Health Unit
     8.  Emergency
unit.
1.5
Laboratory Department
Pathology is the branch of medicine which
deals scientific study of nature, causes, and origin of disease. Biochemically
diseases result from alterations of either the structure or amount of certain
biomolecules, or due to deficiencies of an enzyme. Microorganism such as
bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi.etc could either cause mutation, nutritional
imbalance, or hormonal deficiency or excess. These lead to severe alteration in
the internal environment and physiology of cells, thus, diseases are simply
abnormalities in structure and function of cells.
1.5.1    Safety Laboratory Precautions
a. Ensure
you put on protective lab coat.
b. Put
on face mask where necessary.
c. Ensure
you put on practice gloves (hand gloves).
d. Pipetting
by mouth is not allowed.
e. Do not eat, drink, smoke or apply
cosmetics in the laboratory or testing work area.
f. Keep the laboratory or testing site
neat, clean and free of extra materials that are pertinent to the work.
g.Decontaminate all work surface area
with 10% bleach immediately after any spill of potentially dangerous materials
and at the end of each working day.
h.Wash your hands after handling any
samples and before leaving the laboratory.
i. laboratory doors should be kept closed
when work is in progress.
j. Discard all used syringes immediately
after use.
k.Always cover broken skin or open wound
with water tight dressing.
L.Immediately report all spills, accident
or potential exposures to infectious materials to the laboratory supervisor.
1.5.2    The
Reception
            The reception is the first in the
laboratory unit in which the receptionists are there to do the back bone of the
laboratory work. Here, collection, registration and labeling of samples are
done. Before collection of sample, the test has to be coasted and duly paid and
issued sample container to patients. Instructions were given to patients on how
to pass out the sample into the container. Samples are collected for different
test as filled by the doctor on request form.
1.5.3    Sample Collections
            Specimens such as urine and sputum
are best collected soon after a patient wakes up when the organism have had the
opportunity to multiply over several hours. Blood for culture is usually best
collected when a patient temperature begins to rise. The time of collection for
most other specimens will depends on the condition of the patient and the times
agreed between the medical laboratory staff.
1.5.4  Registration
and labeling of samples
            Registration of samples is done in the reception where by the laboratory
request form brought by a patient is registered accordingly in the general
registration book, the laboratory request form indicates patients full name,
age, sex, I.D.No and type(s) of test(s) to be conducted.
         The general register consists of
different columns, name, age, sex, Laboratory reference number, amount of the
test and number of test to be conducted. Each sample brought to the laboratory
was clearly labeled with the date, patients name and number, age, sex and date
of collection, to avoid confusion.

1.5.5 Given
out and dispatchment of result
           Before giving a patient his/her
result he/she has to present a small white receipt indicating his/her name and
test on it. New results are dispatched into their respective folders before the
patient comes for his/her result.


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