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Maintenance Of Urban Infrastructures In Nigeria

Download complete project materials on Maintenance Of Urban Infrastructures In Nigeria from chapter one to five including references

The quality of a given environment is determined to a large extent by the availability of several forms of urban infrastructures and facilities which have been provided.  Therefore, the term Urban Infrastructures refer to structures, systems and facilities serving a country, city or area; including the service and facilities necessary for its economy to function. Infrastructures typically characterize technical structures such as roads, bridges, tunnels, water supply, sewers, electrical grids, telecommunication, etc. And as well can be defined as the physical components of interrelated systems providing commodities and services essential to enable, sustain, or enhance societal living condition, (Infrastructure – Wikipedia, 2016).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Table of contents

List of tables

Abstract

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION /BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1.2 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.3 JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY

1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

1.5 DESCRIPTION OF STUDY AREA

1.6 METHODOLOGY
CHAPTER TWO

2.0 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES

2.1.1ROAD TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM

2.1.2RAIL TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM

2.2 PUBLIC UTILITIES

2.2.1ELECTRICITY

2.2.2WATER SUPPLY

2.2.3SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES

2.3 DRAINAGE FACILITIES

2.4 SEWERAGE


CHAPTER THREE

3.0 METHODOLOGY

3.1 DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS

3.2 ROAD TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES

3.2.1THE NEED FOR THE MAINTENANCE OF ROAD WAYS

3.2.2ROAD DEFECTS AND CAUSES

3.3RAIL TRANSPORT FACILITIES

3.3.1OPERATION

3.3.2DAYS OF OPERATION

3.3.3WHY THE NEED FOR THE MAINTENANCE OF RAIL FACILITIES

3.3.4 DEFECTS AND LOCATIONS ON RAIL

3.4 ELECTRICITY

3.5 WATER SUPPLY

3.6 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES

3.7 DRAINAGE FACILITIES

3.8 SEWERAGE

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION/ANALYSIS

4.1 TRENDS IN THE MAINTENANCE OF ROADS IN ILORIN METROPOLIS

4.2 TRENDS IN THE MAINTENANCE OF RAIL TRANSPORT FACILITIES IN ILORIN METROPOLIS

4.3 TRENDS IN THE MAINTENANCE OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES

4.3.1ELECTRICITY

4.3.2WATER SUPPLY

4.3.3SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

4.4 DRAINAGE MAINTENANCE

4.5SEWERAGE

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 CONCLUSION

5.2 RECOMMENDATIONS

REFERENCES

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE TITLE PAGE

4.0: Road Defects, Causes and Remedies

4.1: The Fare For Different Stations From Ilorin

4.2:Feeders And The Rate Of Power Distribution

4.3:The Distribution Duration And The Areas

4.4:Percentage of Human Waste Disposal System Usage

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION /BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

According to Abrams (1967), Urban Infrastructure refers to basic equipment, utilities, production enterprises, instruments and services which are provided essentially for the operation and growth of a city or nation. This means that urban infrastructures are those facilities that aid productivity and directly ameliorate the quality of life of residents.

In view of the above, we can see that Urban Infrastructures comprise of such transportation facilities as roads, rail, bridges and airports; public utilities such as electricity, water, drainage systems and telephone services. It also includes community services such as educational and health centers, recreational facilities and postal service among others.

Maintenance as it relates to Urban Infrastructure pre–supposes a calculated attempt to support, sustain or uphold the available facilities, (www.iiste.org). It includes all efforts aimed at ensuring that the available infrastructural facilities are kept in a workable or acceptable condition or state for its present and intended use.


1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

It has become increasingly apparent that a paradoxical situation is emerging with respect to Urban Infrastructures and their services in Nigeria. On one hand, a huge demand for urban Infrastructures has resulted from rapid urbanization; on the other, existing infrastructures are falling into disrepair before completing their design life. Operation and Maintenance has been identified by many as the key to enhancing the sustainability of the existing Urban Infrastructures. However, there is a general lack of understanding by some people about the role of operation, maintenance and sustainability in the context of good governance and administration. This therefore calls for the study of the maintenance operation of the Urban Infrastructures in Ilorin metropolis.


1.2 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The Aim of this project is to explore the constraints and prerequisite to effective operations, maintenance and Sustainability of Urban Infrastructures and services in Ilorin metropolis.

The objectives of the study are as follow:

  1. To investigate the magnitude of urban Infrastructures in Ilorin metropolis;
  2. To investigate the facilities provided for the urban infrastructures and their maintenance;
  3. Also looks at the existing condition and the operational services of the existing urban Infrastructures;
  4. To determine the sustainable ways of improvement.


1.3 JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY

The importance of this project is to study the effective ways and procedures of maintaining the Urban Infrastructures in Ilorin metropolis. This implies that, under good maintenance culture, the Infrastructures should fulfill the design life of which they are intended; during the tender life of the structures, deterioration should not take place under any ill use, worst loading conditions, fatigue, weather or other conditions. And also the deformation of the members of the infrastructures must not cause the structures to lose value from appearance, durability or the performance of the structures before completing their design life.

1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

Basically, the scope of this project is to study the operation, maintenance and sustainability of urban Infrastructures. The Urban Infrastructures discussed in the study are Transportation facilities which include the Road and Rail Transportation systems; Public Utilities which include Electricity, water supply and solid waste management facilities; Drainage facilities and Sewerage.


1.5 DESCRIPTION OF STUDY AREA

Ilorin is the State Capital of Kwara in the North-central Geo-political zone of Nigeria. It is situated at 8.50 North latitude, 4.550 East longitude and 290 meters elevation above the sea level, (Ilorin-Wikipedia, 2016). Ilorin had a population of 781,934 as of 2006 National census, with a population projection of 908,490 in 2011, (NPCN web). Ilorin comprises of mainly three local Governments, which are: Ilorin east, Ilorin South and Ilorin west with their capital in Oke-Oyi, Fufu and Oja-Oba respectively. With the population projection in Ilorin, this makes it the 13th largest city in Nigeria by population and also one of the most Urbanized city in the country covering a total of 295 square miles (765 square kilometers), (Ilorin-Wikipedia, 2016).


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