Monday, 5 September 2016

Installation Of Computer Systems And Resuscitation Of Computer Laboratory



ABSTRACT
The entire universe is now living in the computer age; most of our day to day jobs are being influenced by the use of computers. It is used increasingly in each and every field of our life. In the areas of science and technology improvements cannot be without the use of computers. Hence it has become necessary to have basic knowledge about computers.


This project focuses on installation of computer systems and resuscitation of computer laboratory in the Department of Electrical/Electronic Engineering, Institute of Technology, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin.


TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page                                                                                                                    
Dedication                                                                                                                  
Acknowledgement                                                                                                      
Abstract                                                                                                                     
Table of Contents        
                                                                                             
*                  CHAPTER ONE
1.0.         Introduction to Computer                                                                               
1.1.            Computer System                                                                                           
1.2.            A Brief History of Computer System                                                             
1.3.            Characteristic of a computer                                                                           
1.4.            Limitation of computer                                                                                   
1.5.            Aims and Objectives of the Project                                                                
1.6.            Methodology                                                                                                 
*                  CHAPTER TWO
2.0.         The Computer System                                                                                                
2.1.            The Central Processing Unit                                                                           
2.2.            Functions of Control Unit                                                                              
2.3.            Peripherals                                                                                                       
2.4.            How to Build a Desktop Computer                                                                

*                  CHAPTER THREE
3.0.         Installation of Operating System (Window XP)                                            
3.1.            Defining Drive Partitions                                                                                
3.2.            Formatting Drive Partitions                                                                            
3.3.            Customizing Your System                                                                              
3.4.            Customizing Network Setting                           
                                                       
*                  CHAPTER FOUR
4.0.         Computer Assembly, Maintenance and Troubleshooting                               
4.1.            Computer System Assembly (Desktop)                                                          
4.2.            Procedural Assembly of Computer System                                                    
4.3.            Computer Maintenance                                                                                  
4.3.1.      Hardware Maintenance                                                                                   
4.3.2.      Software Maintenance                                                                                    
4.3.3.      Malware                                                                                                         
4.3.4.      Anti-Virus                                                                                                       
4.3.5.      Tips for Installation of Anti-Virus                                                                  
4.4.            Computer Troubleshooting                                                                            
4.5.            Method of Troubleshooting                                                                            
4.6.            How to Troubleshooting                                                                                 

*                  CHAPTER FIVE
5.0.         Conclusion                                                                                                      
5.1.            Recommendation                                                                                            
5.2.            References                                                                                                      

LIST OF FIGURES7
Figure 1.1       Block diagram of computer system units                                           
Figure 2.1       Preparing the motherboard                                                                 
Figure 2.2       Mounting the CPU in the socket of the Main board                          
Figure 2.3       Connect the CPU cooler to the Main board.                                      
Figure 2.4       Attaching the RAM                                                                            
Figure 2.5       Open the case and mount the power supply                                       
Figure 2.6       Attach the Main board back plate to the case                                                
Figure 2.7       Suitably position the Main board in the case.                                     
Figure 2.8       Mount the Hard disk and connect it to the power supply
and the motherboard.                                                                          
Figure 2.9       Connect the SATA connectors to the drives                                      
Figure 2.10     Connect the 20 or 24 pin ATX connector                                          
Figure 2.11     Mount the DVD-ROM drive.                                                             
Figure 2.12     Select a compatible operating system                                                 
Figure 3.1       Setup is inspecting your computer hardware configuration               
Figure 3.2       The BIOS                                                                                            
Figure 3.3       Window Setup                                                                                                
Figure 3.4       To setup window Xp                                                                          
Figure 3.5       Window XP Licensing Agreement                                                     
Figure 3.6       Creating of partitions                                                                          
Figure 3.7       Deleting partitions                                                                              
Figure 3.8       Formatting Partition with NTFS                                                         
Figure 3.9       Setup formatting                                                                                 
Figure 3.10     Setting Date and Time                                                                        
Figure 3.11     Inserting Name for desktop                                                                
Figure 3.12     Operating system Product key                                                                   
Figure 3.13     Customizing network setting                                                              
Figure 3.14     Booting to the desktop                                                                              
Figure 3.15     Enter passwords to login to desktop                                                  

CHAPTER ONE
1.0.            INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER



  • 1.1.        COMPUTER SYSTEM
Computer is an electronic device which is capable of receiving information (data) in a particular form and of performing a sequence of operations in accordance with a predetermined but variable set of procedural instructions (program) to produce a result in the form of information or signals [1].
A computer accepts and then processes input data according to the instruction it is given. The main components of a computer system are Input, Output, Processing and 


  • 1.2 
    A BRIEF HISTORY OF COMPUTER SYSTEM
The computer had its beginning with a 19th century English mathematics professor named Charles Babbage.He designed the Analytical Engine and it was this design that the basic framework of the computers of today is based on. Computers can be classified into three generations. Each generation lasted for a certain period oftime,and each gave us either a new and improved computer or an improvement to the existing computer. The computer generations are:



  • 1.     FIRST GENERATION (1937 – 1946)
            In 1937 the first electronic digital computer was built by Dr. John V. Atanasoff and Clifford Berry [2]. It was called the Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC). In 1943 an electronic computer name the Colossus was built for the military. Other developments continued until in 1946 the first general– purpose digital computer, the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) was built. It is said that this computer weighed 30 tons, and had 18,000 vacuum tubes which was used for processing. When this computer was turned on for the first time lights dim in sections of Philadelphia. Computers of this generation could only perform single task, and they had no operating system.




  • 2.     SECOND GENERATION: 1947 – 1962
           
This generation of computers used transistors instead of vacuum tubes which were more reliable. In 1951 the first computer for commercial use was introduced to the public; the Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC 1) [3]. In 1953 the International Business Machine (IBM) 650 and 700 series computers made their mark in the computer world. During this generation of computers over 100 computer programming languages were developed, computers had memory and operating systems. Storage media such as tape and disk were in use also were printers for output.

  • 3.     THIRD GENERATION: 1963 – PRESENT
 The invention of integrated circuit brought us the third generation of computers [4] With these invention computers became smaller, more powerful more reliable and they are able to run many different programs at the same time. In1980 Microsoft Disk Operating System (MS-Dos) was born and in 1981 IBM introduced the personal computer (PC) for home and office use. Three years later Apple gave us the Macintosh computer with its icon driven interface and the 90s gave us Windows operating system.
 

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