Thursday, 14 July 2016

The Roles Of Leadership In Management Of An Organisation



Leadership has been defined as the process of influencing the activities of an individual or a group efforts towards goal achievement in a given situation. In essence, leadership involves accomplishing goals with and through people. Therefore, a leader must be concerned about tasks and human relationships.

A survey of leadership theories and research has pointed out that leadership can be defined as the process directing and influencing the task – related activities of group members.

According to Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, a leader means a person or thing that leads.


By general definition, leadership may be said to be calling of person to respond to the needs of people around him, so as to direct and influence their behaviour towards the attainment of the needs of the people. It could be inferred that person who emerges as a leader is who is able to perceive the intricacies of problems at a level and at a wider range. In addition to the perception of problem intricacies, the leader needs to be visionary and capable of proper solution to problems. 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgements
Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE:       
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Objective of the study
1.3 Significance of the study
1.4 Research question
1.5 Scope of the study
1.6 Limitations of the study
1.7 Definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO:
 Literature Review
2.1Various Leadership style in business
2.1.0 Democratic leadership style
2.1.0 Autocratic leadership style
2.1.1 Bureaucratic leadership style
2.1.2 Laisez fair leadership style
2.2  Function of management
2.2.0 Planning  
2.2.1Organizing
2.2.2 Controlling
2.2.3 Co-ordinating
2.3The function of leadership in the management of an organization
2.4 leadership skills

CHAPTER THREE
3.0Research methodology
3.1 Historical background of Michael  Imodu Institute of Labour Studies 
3.2 Development of questionnaire
3.3 Population
3.4 Sampling
3.5 Instrument used
3.5.1Personal interview
3.5.2 Document sources
3.5.3 Personal observation 
3.6   Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 Data presentation and analysis
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Respondents by the level of education  
4.3 Standard of performance

CHAPTER FIVE
5.1 Summary
5.2 Conclusion
5.3 Recommendations

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION
A leader needs the exhibition of sense of commitment and this make him the servant of his people. This commitment will drive such a person as far as it is necessary, also to use all his God given talent qualities to achieved his target goals.

In the annals of human records, the first leader comply with this definition was Moses in the book of Exodus in the Holy Bible. Moses saw the need of people to be librated from the bondage of slavery in Egypt and to be transported through the wilderness characterized by loneliness and even harder suffering than those in bondage, to the ultimate vision of a promised land”.

Moses vision and Zeal for achievement never left throughout the 40 years, he was with the Isrealites in the wilderness when they grew impatient of his leadership style.

Leadership can be said to be a process of influencing others to act to accomplish specified objectives. It consists of interpersonal influence exercised in a situation and directed by means of communication process towards the attainment of a specified goals. The effective leader gets other to act in a manner he desires. He may compel them to action by any of the numerous devices, persuasion to serve their society because they have broader perception and vision future event than any other person at a particular time.

A leader must transmit his passions and exhortations to his followers by the process of communication. Among the objectives, the leader seeks the group to accomplish may be those of the larger organization, as when the foreman compel his work force to increase production to meet schedules set by the top management. It should be emphasized that the leader of a group in a formal organization has the dual objectives of representing the interest of his group to higher management, and of getting his subordinate to work for the goals of the enterprise as a whole. The problem of leadership is further complicated, due to the fact that individuals within his groups of followers may process varied and conflicting goals.    

1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Leadership has always been a vital tool, and it plays an unquantifiable role on the administration of business organization. Leadership when properly administered has helped in increasing performance of business organization. This fact has been due to the contributive roles which the concept of leadership plays such as coordinating, directing and administering of business activities in the top management function of the organization to the lower echelon or rank. 
         
Based on the belief in the idea of leadership on organization performance, series of problem will be resolved. Problem like how leadership contributed to the management quality and effectiveness of Michael Imodu Institute of Labour Studies, Ilorin.
          Another area of problem is to what extent has leadership helped in shaping the structure and development of the case study. The work will central on how has leadership has been adopted as a tool for unifying the management and the organization as a whole.

1.2  OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY     
The objectives of this research work are the goals which the case study stands to derived from this exercise. This research aimed at achieving the following objectives.
·                    To measure to what level has leadership played the predetermined role in the management of the organization or otherwise    
·                    To ascertain the level of acceptance of the leadership style being adopted by the case study.
·                    To determine the disposition of the employees of the labour institute to the leadership in place.
·                    To determine whether leadership contribute considerably to the organization performance as a whole.
·                    To determine whether Michael Imode relies more on leadership as management tools.

1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
On the completion of this research work, the report would be a valuable asset to the case study and to the business environment generally in these following ways:
          Business or organization will be able to determine the suitable mechanise for smooth running or in managing an organization.
-   The suitable or preferred leadership style for managing an organisation can be easily determined.
-  Oganization with existing leadership in their management will be able to do appraisal of their leadership performance.
-  The roles of leadership in the management of an organisation will be defined and explained to bring out the benefits if there are any.
-  It will serve as a source of secondary data for there seeking such an the topic of leadership as it affect management in an organisation.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
In the course of the study and based on the literature that will be reviewed, two research question would be formulated and adopted in order to provide answers to the research. How to establish.
         
The relationship between leadership style and employees performance. 

RESEARCH QUESTION 1
Is the standard of performance of employee determined by objective leadership style?
The objectives of the question is to set emphatically whether leadership determines the standard of performance of employee.



QUESTION II

Is the democratic style more effective that the authoritarian style?

The objective of this question is to very which style of leadership is more effectives in drawing out utmost performance in the employees.

1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDThe scope of this study will cover four major area namely:-

TIME SCOPE
The time scope of this study represents the donation with which this work needs to be completed. The research work will cover a period of an academic sessions since it is in partial fulfillment of the requirement of an honour in the Business Administration Department.

TERRITORIAL SCOPE
The coverage of this study centres on an organisation based in Ilorin Metropolis. Based on the location of the organisation, all contributive factors to the success of the research work is subject to events of Ilorin alone.

INDUSTRIAL SCOPE
The industrial scope of this work cuts across both profit and non-profit making establishing. The report of this research can come handy in profit making organisation whom deem it fit or sees the need to adopt Michael Imodu Labour Institute style do leadership in running the management.

1.6 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The limitations of this study are the difficulties encountered during the course of carring – out the research work. The limitations include;

Time Constraint:
The time given or allocated for this research is not adequate for work of this magnitude, coupled with the fact that the researcher needs to do other academic obligations simultaneously.

Lack of Adequate Found / Finance: Research being an exercise that require a huge amount of money, and due to the financial state of the researcher, most students find this hard to overcome. This makes the research a statement one.

Organizational secrecy: There are some ritual information that are relevant to the success of this study which the organisation management classified as secrets. The top secret which they claim is to protect the integrity and the image of the organisation pose limitation to the study.
Uncooperative Attitude of Respondents: Some of the respondents gave answer that are either inadequate, inconsistent or practically refused to provide answer to come question which they regards as confidential and must not be revealed.

1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Leadership: There are divergent views to the definition of leadership, but leadership in this context has to do with that of an organisation.



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