Thursday, 14 July 2016

Local Government As The Agent Of Community Development


Local Government is the classiest tier of government to the people. Local Government is not only an institution for economic development but also the bedrock on which the growth and development of rural areas by federal and state government superstructures are laid.
         

Throughout West Africa, the history of Local Government introduction by the British Colonial Administration to the former West African territories was imported from Britain experience in its colony in India and has little or no relationship with the history and characteristics of our people. Though community development is not new in Nigeria, it is the emphasis on it now which makes it almost a revolution.


TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page                                                                     
Certification                                                                 
Dedication                                                                             
Acknowledgement                                                      
Table of contents                                                                   

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Background of the study                                   
1.1 Introduction                                                        
1.2 Statement of the problem                                  
1.3 Objective of the study                                        
1.4 Significance of the study                                   
1.5 Research hypothesis                                          
1.6 Scope of and limitation of the study                 
1.7 Organization of the study                                 
1.8 Definition of terms                                             
 Reference

CHAPTER TWO
Literature review                                                                
2.0 Introduction                                                        
2.1Theoretical frame work                                          
2.2Current trend in thinking                                 
2.3Summary of the chapter                                    
References

CHAPTER THREE
3.0Research methodology                                                
3.1Sample and population of the study                
3.2Sources and data and data collection               
3.3Method of data analysis                                    
3.4 Research problems                                            
References

CHAPTER FOUR
Data presentation analysis and interpretation of finding
4.0 Introduction                                                        
4.1 Brief history of Ilorin east local Government 
4.2 Organizational structure of Ilorin east local Government                                                       
4.3 Analysis of hypothesis                                                
4.4 Testing of hypothesis                                         
4.5 Summary of the data                                         
References

CHAPTER FIVE
Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion
5.1 Summary of Finding                                         
5.2 Recommendations                                             
5.3 Conclusion                                                                 
 Bibliography                                                             

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.1 INTRODUCTION
         

However, community development as a process in which the inhabitants of a local government community organize themselves to provide social amenities on their own with or without government assistance.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The major problem that hinders the process of the Local Government Community Development includes:

  • Inadequate funding and withholding of Local Government funds by the control of federal government and joint account with the state government.

  • Lack of Local Government autonomy over local affairs, selection rather than election of Local Government executives by state government

  • Corruption nepotism and favoritism

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
In view of the importance of Local Government as agent of Community Development, this work will highlight the impact of Local Government in Community Development. It will also examine the impact of Local Government are council in its social, economic and political activities. This work will also examine the performance of Local Government on Community Development within it area of jurisdiction.

1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This work will be useful and beneficial to not only Ilorin East Local Government, but to other agencies involved in grassroot development effort. It will also help to contribute to the existing body of knowledge in Ilorin East Local Government Area of Kwara State and serve as a reference for future research work.

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
The Local Government administration objectives whicha re both political and administrative in nature can be streamlined to effectively mobilize local resources both human and material through the active in-conjunction with higher authorities i.e. federal and state government to facilitate socio-economic and political development of these rural communities.
         
Local Government can be a veritable agent for grassroots community development when and if the following issues are critically examined and adopted. The Local Government statutory powers and autonomy, if given prominence with institutional backing that would encourage civic consciousness, political participation and consultation on policy issues, would not only bring enthusiasm on the part of the people, but reduce areas of friction and possible outbreak of violence.

Reliable system of funding devoid of corrupt practice can facilitate quick response for local demand and aspiration for programmes and projects that would have direct impact on inhabitants. Planning process and implementation carried out from local community. The federal and state government can interface through filed agencies with Local communities by enlightening and educational campaign for easy implementation of policies of central government.

Local Government would provide educational and skill acquisition (vocational) centres in rural communities. This would facilitate proper use of government properties like agricultural implement, school teaching aid, clinic and dispensary including other infrastructures. There would be proper utilization of available resource to prevent misuse, misappropriation and prevent acts that would be inimical to growth and development of rural communities.

1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This study presents the research on Local Government as agent of Community Development. It covers the roles of Ilorin East Local Government and the roles of various Units of Local Government in this regards. It covers in retrospect, the period from time to time of Local Government reform 1976 as a reference point till date, taking into cognizance that Local Government (Ilorin East) under spotlight was created in December 1991.

This work would not cover certain areas such as secret files or documents of Ilorin East Local Government and the detail of pre 1976 reform period of Local Government. The limitation of this work is attributable to various obstacles encountered in the course of collection of data and information from local government personnel who usually refer to some documents as “classified documents” and secret files. Time constraint was another factor as well as inadequate finance.

1.7 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work can be classified into two basic parts. Firstly, it identifies the Local Government statutory mandate as contained in the forth schedule section 7 of the 1999 constitution of the federal republic of Nigeria, and how effectively this has been achieved in Ilorin East Local Government within the constraints of resources available.

Its role and impact in rural community development as the closest tier of government to the people who have little or no access to the state and federal government.

Secondly, this study also tries to describe the conscious effort and contribution by rural communities with a population of less than ten thousand people and whose main economic activities is agricultural (farming) production. The collaborative efforts by the local government and the rural community directed at enhancing the general welfare of the people and the immediate environment of these rural communities improving general welfare in terms of provision of fundamental needs such as housing, food and social amenities like portable water, electricity, transportation, good network and other institutional facilities. These will increase the level of per capita income and also raise the standard of living of the population of the rural community.


1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Local Government is a concept that carries a myriad of definitions and meanings. There is no system of Local Government that is common to all countries of the world, hence no uniform structure, power and function for Local Government. Therefore it is difficult to find a common definition that fit all. Bello-Iman (1996) defines Local Government as “that unit of administration with constitutionally defined territory and powers as well as administrative authority with relative autonomy. Such administrative authority could be, be not always elected”.

The federal republic of Nigeria (FRN) 1976 conceives local government as “government at local level exercised through council established by law to exercise special powers within defined areas”.

The report of the political Burien (1987) stated that Local Government is widely acknowledged “as a viable instrument for rural transformation and for delivery of social service to the people”.

Rural communities generally refers to the country side and is demographically defined as that setting that has less than ten thousand people inhabiting a particular area or location. The economic activities of a greater percentage is farming.

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