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Budget And Budgeting Control In Local Government

Download complete project materials   on Budget And Budgeting Control In Local Government  from  chapter one to five with references

It can be said that management control is essential if we are ensuring that an organization meet its objective if the set objective have been discussed, plans should be drawn up so that the progress of the organization can be directed towards the end specified in the objectives. It must not be though that plans can be expressed only in the accounting terms for example, quality of product can best be expressed only in a plan concerned with employee’s welfare. When a plan is expressed qualitatively, it is known as budget and the process of converting plans into budgets is known as “budgeting”.

CONTENT

Title page

Approval

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Statement of problems

1.3 Objective of study

1.4 Significance/ justification of the study

1.5 Scope and limitation of the study

1.6 Definition of key terms

1.7 Organization/ plan of the study

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Literature review in public service

2.2 Literature review in local government administration

2.3 Budgeting committee

2.4 Budget staff

2.5 Function of finance and general purpose committee

2.6 Overheads

CHAPTER THREE

2.0 Data Collection

3.1 Purpose of data collection

3.2 Type of data

3.3 Source of data

3.4 particular sources of data used

3.5 Reason for using particular method

CHAPTER FOUR

Presentation and evaluation of data

4.1 Data presentation

CHAPTER FIVE

Summary and conclusion

5.1 Finding and recommendation

5.2 Recommendation

5.3 Conclusion

  1. 4 Questionnaire

Reference

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 INTRODUCTION

 

The budgeting process may be quite formal in a large organization with committee set to perform tasks on the other hand. In a very small organization the owner may jot down his budget on a piece of paper or even on the back of used envelope some even manage without writing anything down at all they have done budget in their hands and can easily remember them.

It must be made known that budgets are prepared as a guide to the organization toward the set objective. Without doubt, some budget that are drawn up are even more harmful to an organization than if none were drawn up at all.

1.2   STATEMENT   OF PROBLEMS

CORRUPTION AND MISMANAGEMENT

Corruption is one of the major problems facing the local government. Infact, a mere mention of the local government exudes corruption. The popular myth propagated by the council officials is that the councils are always short of funds. No doubt, the heavy funding that run s into billion of naira as seen from the tables may not be enough because of the high level of corruption in the councils.

It has also been observed that must local government councils do not accord adequate regard to the budget process. The fall out of the situation is the indiscriminate and unplanned execution of projects. The state governments which would have served as a check are not free from this cankerworm. Evidently, there is Nigeria. These contracts are inflated and worse still the projects are not executed and there by defeating the essence of budgets.

 

SKILLED MANPOWER

Majority of local governments today are manned by officials who do not possess the requisite leadership and manage skills to deliver the gains of democracy to the people. Section 7(4) of the 1999 constitution makes provisions that the qualification of elections in to the house of assembly of a state. The constitution put the minimum educational qualification for the election into the house of assembly of a state as school certificate. However, this principle have not been followed and as such, made the councils the dumping ground for illiterate or a starting point for political toddlers.

LACK OF CIVIL SOCIETY PARTICIPATION

The level of participation by the people is highly limited especially the local government located at the rural areas. The reason is attributed to high illiteracy level and the poverty low. In addition, there is no law that encourages civil society participation in governance and also no access to information and participation. In the absence of this, the civil society, no matter how vibrant and enlightened can not achieve anything.

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

For the purpose of this study, the following are worth knowing as the objectives.

  • To make a report is more memorandums decoded.
  • To find out whether the normal and the standard processes of budgeting are being followed
  • To find how effective and efficient the chosen method is in the local governments.

1.4  SIGNIFICANCE/JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY

1.5  SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Because of factor and constraints the work done and information gathered heave only been restricted to this study, that is, to find how the budgeting process, of local government administration is been done.

1.6  DEFINITION OF KEY TERMS

This section is intended to better familiarize the users of the budget document with various terms and appropriate definitions of those terms that are both important and commonly used in understand government budgets. (Concluded) (A).


Assessment Ratio: 
The percentages of full cash value, applied to different categories of property as determined by the State Legislature Assessment Radio are used to determine the assessed value of property.


Auto in lieu payment: 
Fees received from the state based on taxes it receives from the sales of vehicles.  These payments are also referred to ass vehicle license fees.

(B)


Balanced Budget:  
Ensures that the use of resources for operating purpose does not exceed available operating resources over the course of the budget year.

Benchmark:  A Specific target or standard to be achieved.


Benchmarking:
   A continuous process of collecting information or benchmarks for assessing performance.


Blended component unit:
  This is a legal entity technically separate from Yuma County but for which the county’s Board of supervisors serves as the units Board of Directors and which, as a practical matters operates as part of the county’s government structure.

1.7 ORGANIZATION/PLAN OF THE STUDY

The study Budget and budgeting control in local government Administration deserves special consideration because of the rate of allocation of resources in the federation.


Chapter one:  Introduction

The introduction takes us into the definition of Budget and Budgeting Control in a Local Gover4nment Administration.  Budget is when a plan is expressed quantitatively and process of converting this plan into budgets is known as budgeting.  We will also explain it’s based on statement of problems its Significance/Justification, objectives, scope and limitation of the local government used as case study.


Chapter Two:

In this chapter; we will have a review on some setting such as public services that is the role of public services in a budget plan.  The aspect of public services in a budgeting process under the local government administration will be discussed, that is the allocation of finds into the various activities of the local government we will as well discuss of the role of budgeting committee and budget staff in such a setting.


Chapter Three:

In this chapter we explain the collection of data used for the researcher on the topic, the types and sources of data and reasons for using such a sources for our work.  It will enlighten us on the data gathered especially for monitoring the evaluation of the Budget process.

 

Chapter Four

Deal with the presentation and evaluation of data in the preparation of a budget.

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion, findings and recommendation.

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