Thursday, 28 July 2016

An Assessment Of Government Tax Policies On The Performance Of Manufacturing Sector In Nigeria

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Nigeria the most populous nations in Africa are governed by federal system, hence her fiscal operation also adheres to his same principle. This has serious implication on how the tax policies are structured and operated in the country. The government fiscal power is based on a three-tier structure divided between the federal, state and local government each of which has different tax jurisdiction. As at 2002, about 40 different taxes and levies are shared by all three levels of government.

           
Since the late 1980s tax policy (a fiscal policy instrument) has become a major tool in Nigeria. The reason for this not for fetched.
            First is the need for reconstruction after the civil war, the industrialization strategy adopted by then import substitution industrialization policy. Second reason for the rise in the role tax policy is the falls in the international price oil in the late 1980s this gave rise to the dominance of fiscal policy of which tax policy is major instrument in the management of the economy.
            Also the persistent budget deficit since the early 1970s and given the fall in oil revenue made way for the requirement of a new tax focus that saw the emergence of various reforms in tax policy.
           
1.1 PROBLEM STATEMENT
The character of government tax policy in an important signal to economic agent, despite several tax incentives introduced in the economy and given the importance of a tax policy in the income management in Nigeria, the manufacturing sector in Nigeria is still being characterized by enhancing growth. One could then ask what was the role of tax policy in inducing growth in the manufacturing sector in Nigeria.
            What are the objectives of tax policy? What characteristic does the Nigeria government tax policy posses? Can the tax policy be designed to ensure high performance without bringing corresponding instability in the economy?
           
The high tax regime though claimed to ensure maximum revenue accrue to government is structured in a way that is highly characterized by this giving no room for the emergence of new companies and greater performance.
            Furthermore, the unpredictable nature of the tax policy frame work paying way of maximization of revenue thus creates a harsh tax climate that encourages evasion. The structures of tariff and double taxation which have encouraged anti-export bias have also left much to be desired companies within the manufacturing sector have now found a way of mitigating the effect of the above mentioned challenges by way of evading tax and this not bring about desirable economic development.
           
Finally, the attendant problem of lack of sufficient incentive to private enterprises in the form of development rebate, tax holiday, accelerated depreciation allowance, reduced tax related, that ensure manufacturing enterprises are started and expanded within the economy have made the sector remain producers of consumer goods which does not however enhance sustainable economic growth.

1.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
The main aim of this study is to assess the government tax policies on the performance of the manufacturing section Nigeria with the specific objectives of:
i. Examine the tax policies in the country
ii.Examine the significance and the contribution of the manufacturing sector to the development of Nigeria economy.
iii.To deal with issues rose in the problem statement.
iv.To examine the effect of government tax policies.
v. To create flora upon which other research work can be based.

1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
In spite of the importance of a result oriented tax policy in the country, attempts have not been made to assess development over the years. The tax system in Nigeria is lopsided. This study is of high importance considering the fact  that it spans through the largest sub-sector in the individual sector of the Nigeria economy there is the strong need to investigate  how tax policies affect this important sector which act as an engine of growth in both developed and the developing countries of the world.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
 The following research questions are governance to the study and answers sought to them:
1. What are tax policies operating in Nigeria?
2. Has Nigeria tax system functioned effectively and efficiently?
3. Of what importance is the manufacturing sector in the Nigeria economy?
4.What implication does the government tax policy have on the manufacturing sector?
5. Is the Nigeria tax system properly arranged and administered?

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