Sunday, 26 June 2016

The Role Political Elite In The Aborted Third Republic In Nigeria:


The political class plays an important role in the politics of any way to structure the politics played in the area concerned. The political classes in any society consist of elite which exercise respondent political influence. The emergence of the political class in Nigeria could be trace back to the pre-colonial period, where traditional ruler like king  Kosoko of Lagos and yaya of opobo built up resistance against the European. Dike has this to say about yaya of opnbo.


TABLE OF CONTENT
Approval page
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
Table of content

CHAPTER ONE- GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.1      Introduction
1.2      Statement of the problem
1.3      Purpose / objective of the study
1.4      Significance of the study
1.5      Research Hypothesis
1.6      Scope and limitation of the study
References


CHAPTER TWO –LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Theoretical framework
2.3 Current trend in thinking
2.4 Summary of the chapter
References


CHAPTER THREE –RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Sample and population of the study
3.3 Sources of data/ data collection instruments
3.4 Method of data analysis
3.5 Research problems


CHAPTER FOUR- DATA PRESENTATION /ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION FINDINGS
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Brief history of the case of study
4.3 Presentation of Data
4.4 Analysis of Data
Reference


CHAPTER FIVE:- SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary
5.2 Conclusion
5.3 Recommendation
 Bibliography 

CHAPTER ONE
 INTRODUCTION
1.1      BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
“He led the opposition against European penetrator of the eastern Nigeria hinterland from 1879 until 1887 and the part played in Eastern Nigeria history was more important than that of any Africa in the period”
       

And he also referred to king kosoko as “the anti British and state trading king of Lagos” Although with all the resistance they out up, they were later suppressed but skill their activities and roles as a political elite of their time cannot be over emphasized.
       

Also the credit of eventually securing independence for Nigeria went to the nationalist of the colonial period. This they did by initial forming interest groups to shown the grievances and leveled allegations against the British government. The interest group formed later culminated into political parties which were formed on ethno-regional basis, NPC for the North, NCNC for the south and action group for West.
        

Each of the three major political parties was dominant party in and government of a region which it uses as its base unit.
       

The first national election conducted as a fulfillment of the tenants of democracy has the 1959
General election in which the NPC won 79 seats, all from the North, the NCNC won 16 sears. AG won 20 searts and other independent parties 24 parties 24 searts the basic of the feature of this was the Elmo centric support outside his region. on the basic of the 1957 election, the first civilian government was formed for an independent Nigeria. “Nigeria gained formal independent on oct 1, 1960
         

The government was a parliamentary system of government which was imposed on Nigeria by the British, “this British invention was imposed on Nigeria and between 1960 and 1966 was separated by Nigerians themselves”
       

The first civilian government came to an end due to some inadequacies which include “Action group crisis, rejection on the 1963 census and its antecedent strain on the NPC/NCNC Coalition
        

The first civilian government came to an end due to some inadequacies which include “Action group.
This is the beginning of the first republic went through the 1963 general election under the platform of two coalitions of the political parties ushered in or Nnamdi Azikwe as the first president in the competition with her regions, there were still problem unresolved in Nigeria politics? Although internally the region had their communal problems the problem were made worsened by the ethnic based political parties and performance of political. “by 1965 things were getting out of hand because the rules of the game of politics had been ruthlessly violated and corruption and conscious consumption of politicians amidst one object poverty of the massy became very alarming, census exercise were inflated and politicized because among groups rigging of elections disenfranchise the Nigeria masses”
        

Such was the political situation then and if was in this context that the military came into Nigeria political on 15th January, 1960.
        

The military intervention in Nigeria lasted for about thirteen years. The Muritala /Obasanjo’s military regime handed back power to Shagaris’s regime through the 1979 general election which the international background has this to say about.
        

Nigeria political scene in the second republic tends to provide a fertile ground for the eventual did integration of the state, the presidential system as such has not failed but rather politicians direction.
        

The political class contributed a great measure to one collapse of the second republic because even within the class there was rumors.
        

There is tension and uncertainty within the political parties, between the elected representative on the one hand, the various respective party executive on the other hand.
        

This bone of contention within the political class coupled with election malpractice brought and abrupt end to the second republic by the Buhari’s military regime on 31th December, 1986 there was  a counter coup which brought to power the government Ibrahim Babangida and in its effort to transfer to the civilians brought out a political confusion and economic stagnation which was caused by the annulment or the June 12,1993, free and fair election, feat chant was alluded to by both local and foreign observers.
        

This led to the shatter dream of the third republic, this study examines the factors that led to conduct and subsequent conciliation of June 12 election, taking a look into the historical emergence of the political class and one roles they have played in the aborted third republic on Nigeria politics is later examine and study ends with recommendation for future uses.
1.2       

            STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It is establishment fact that politics affects every aspect of life,
Therefore the  role played by the political class is a subject of great important to the society as a whole, there is need to consider the roles played by the political class in Nigeria. Has the political class contributed to the problem being faced in the political arena of Nigeria? What interest is the political class contributed to the serving self or general interest?
         
Can we really talk of a true political class in Nigeria or even a coherent political class? How has the political class contributed to the abortion of the third republic? And how has the abortion of the republic affected today’s politics?
1.3       

            PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study is to look through the political
history of Nigeria briefly and pick out peculiar features and use. How these features affect the present Nigeria politics. And the roles being played by the political class will be examine as against the roles they are supposed to play.
         

Also the aborted third republic politics will be cooked into and its affect on present and future politics in Nigeria.
1.4          
            SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The importance of the study objectively the politics of Nigeria and discover the short coming of the political class and the masses and whole.
       
The work will be useful and also indispensable for other research that can use this work as a preamble for further research work and also it can be used as a reference work on similar topic.
       
The work will also be useful for the Nigeria government in formulating policies that has to do with future transition, as the loop-holes of previous transition programme will be revealed.
       
Also the work will be useful to the coming political class that are ready to learn from past mistakes.
       
Firstly, the work will be useful for one general public who are interested in Nigerian politics as the project will contributed to knowledge.
1.5     
RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

The research hypothesis to be used in this study will include historically research hypothesis collection of information from books written by notable authors and information from national dallies magazines and journals.
1.6     
SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study will be based on the politics of Nigeria and the political roles of the political class. It will discuss extensively the politics of the aborted third republic and the roles played by the political class. 
 

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