Thursday, 23 June 2016

The Relationship Between Effective Leadership And Productivity In An Organization


PROPOSAL
The purpose of this studies focuses on the relationship between effective leadership and productivity in an organization. From the definition of the terms, it is therefore seen that an organization is an entity comprising of a group of people working together to provide unity of action for the achievement of a predetermined objective. The excellence research of this topic let us know that leadership is that part of management process, which seek to ensure that workers carryout assigned responsibilities willingly and effectively toward the optimum achievement of cooperate goals and objective. The importance of relationship between effective leadership and productivity in an organization contains five chapters.



Chapter one of the project work cover the introduction of the project and the purpose of the study, statement of the problem, significant of the study, scope of the study, historical background of the study, limitation of the study, research question and definition of term. Chapter two of the research covers the literature review of the various authors on the matter. Chapter three contains the research methodology approaches which the research used in collecting data, such as interview, questionnaire, and primary data, secondary data. Chapter four emphasizes the presentation of data and analysis. Chapter five contains summary of finding conclusion draw, and recommendation.    



TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page                                                                                          
Certification                                                                                     
Dedication                                                                                        
Acknowledgement                                                                                 
Proposals                                                                                         
Table of Content                                                                              


CHAPTER ONE
1.0    Introduction                                                                           
1.1    Statement of the Problem                                                      
1.2    Aims and Objectives                                                              
1.3    Significance of the Study                                                       
1.4    Scope of the Study                                                                 
1.5    Limitation of the Study                                                          

CHAPTER TWO
2.0    Introduction                                                                         
2.1    Theoretical Framework                                                         
2.2    Leadership Style                                                                    
2.3    The Qualities of a Good Leader                                             
2.4    The Function of a Good Leader                                             
2.5    Literature Review                                                                  

CHAPTER THREE
3.1    Research Design                                                                    
3.2    Population and Samples Sign                                               
3.3    Method of Data Collection                                                     
3.4    Method of Data Analysis                                                       

CHAPTER FOUR
4.1    Brief History of the Case Study                                             
4.2    Data Presentation and Analysis                                            
4.3    Testing of Hypothesis                                                   

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0    Summary, Conclusion, implication and recommendations
5.1    Summary                                                                              
5.2    Conclusion                                                                             
5.3    Recommendation                                                                   
References                                                                              
Questionnaire                                                                        


CHAPTER ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION   
Before considering the relationship between effective leadership and productivity in an organization one must take a vivid look at what an organization is. An organization is an entity. This is true of all business enterprises, churches, hospitals, or clubs.


It can be seen as a process of coordinating individual effort toward the achievement of a common goal or objective an organization is a group of people bound together to provide unity of action for the achievement of a predetermined objective. The purpose of the organizing function is to make the best use of the organization’s resources by some appointed members known as leaders to achieve organization goal.
         

For productivity to take place in an organization, all human and materials resources must be coordinated toward achieving the goals of the organization and the human resources available must be motivated, integrated, coordinated by some people or a group of people who the subordinates will have return to do so as to compare performance with standard set, analyze the deviation and the reasons for the deviation.
         

So as to take precautionary measure known as controlling and make sure that the targeted objective is attended.
         

In any progressing organization there must be a pleasant and friendly relationship between the leaders and the subordinates. Wiling leaders who wants success and want the subordinates to play their role on achieving the goals of the organization must adopt the appropriate styles, strategies and make proper utility of these and must never neglect the function and duties of leader.
         

All organization either public or private never joke with management directives at all level. Starting from the top managing directive level to least line and supervising in the organization.
         

There is always someone at the head of affairs of every level in the organization that the subordinates look up to some people at the top administrative level. From same time till now, other has been an increased global interest in the importance of leadership to organization being it social, business, or political. The increased interest may probably be due to the technological advancement which has impacted on human testes and fashion such that must succeed organization which is aimed at customer satisfaction must be flexible with changes in the environment. Due to these leadership itself worth consideration.
         

Leadership is always after influencing and directing subordinate action towards the achievement of company’s objective. It is a process existing among the follower, the leader, and other situational variable. Thus, leadership involves the leader and his subordinate. The leader gives instruction on what his followers should do and how the followers should perform the specified duties.
         

Essentially, leadership in his capability lacks the use of force. The leader uses the combination of his skills and intelligence quality of character and general acceptance by the followership to exert influence so that objectives are achieved.
         

The capability of leaders to be followed by the subordinate largely depends on his poise and charisma to leads. It highly depends on his intellect, combination of skills, quality of character and general acceptance by the followership to exert influence so that objectives are achieved. It is inevitable to state that all management function is depends on leadership.


This is because the approach of the leader and his ability to ensure the subordinates flow with him, as he provides them to pursue. Assiduously efficient accomplishment of corporate goals. The fashion out of the planning process cannot but be affected by his perception of and the needs of those who are to work for him. It must however be pointed out that while it is generally believed that leadership is about persuasion and influence.

1.1   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This helps in the study to know more about the organization by asking the leaders and subordinates relevant questions to cover out information.  Some of these are the questions to ask:
i.    Specifically what is the relationship between effective leadership and productivity in this organization?
ii.   What are the means adopted in supervising the level of productivity of the factory staff?
iii.   Does the supervision have any positive impact in productivity?
iv.   Are there any reactions from the workers when they are motivated to work?
v.    How do leaders react to ineffectiveness in his section?
vi.   Does some environment variable encourage employees?
vii.  Are there any impacts when employees are given additional reward?
viii.  How suitable is it if leaders to handle the motivation in his section?
ix.    Does the style adopted affects subordinates handling production activity?

1.2   AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
It’s time to question the traditional assumption of leadership fundamental purpose. The focuses on the leader’s roles in maximizing employee performance.  All the decades writing about leadership style beginning over 50years ago focuses on how different styles affect the motivation and productivity of employees.


Having an internal focus on employee performance was acceptable for leadership prior to the 1970’s. but since the success of the commercial inversion, business has increasingly  operated in an era of hyper competition where repit innovation changes whole market overnight. In the old days of leadership theory business was not so competitive, then business task was to execute as cost effectively and profitably as possible. Today where there is also the need for business to be continuously creating new future for leaders to be successful now they must have an external focus.


The new purpose of leadership is to ensure that new futures are created as rapidly as their external markets evolve. All organizations now leave two equally important tasks to deliver today’s results and to create the future.

1.3   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Leadership can be defined as a process by which one individual influence others toward the attainment of group or organization goals. Three points about the definition of leadership should be emphasized first, leadership is the influence process. Leadership cannot exist without a leader and one or more followers. Secondly, leadership elicits voluntary action on the part of followers.


The voluntary nature of compliance separates leadership from other types of influence based on formal authority. Finally, leadership results in follower’s behavior what is purposeful and goals directed in some sort of organized setting. Many, although not all, studies of leadership focus on the nature of leadership in the workplace.
         

Leadership is probably the most frequently studies topic in  the organizational science. Thousands of leadership studies have been published and thousands of page on leadership have been written in academic books and journals, business oriented publication and general interest publication. Despite this, the precise nature of leadership and its relationship to key criterion variable such as subordinate satisfaction, commitment, and performance is still uncertain, to the point where Fred Luthans, in his book organizational (Behaviour 2005), said that “it leadership) does remain pretty much of a ‘black box’ or unexplainable concept.

1.4   SCOPE OF THE STUDY
As indicated earlier, our major areas of concern necessitate the examination of effective leadership in the organization. In order to avoid going beyond the scope of this project, comprehensive technical issue such as the organization environment, motivation and supervision among others will not be presented in detail.
           
1.5   LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Despite our interest in this research work, our objective cannot all be attained due to some limitations over which we have no control of; from financial constraint, time factor, and inability to obtain necessary information, which is termed “confidential” by the organization. Based on the scientism of leaders and subordinates on information dissemination primary data are difficult to collect. However, such problem is encountered reliable secondary collection method will be employed.
         

There is a need for further research on motivation therefore, goals is to reveal what it is that motivates all employees to perform at their best and achieve optimal business result at all time. The inherent problem I have identified is that many employers have attempted several different incentive programmed to motivate their employees, yet they have not worked for everyone in the company. This is a major problems faced by employers these days due to the fact that each employers company is founded on the strength of its employees performance.
         
One of the traditional components of management along with planning organizing and controlling is motivating. Many managers do different things for example: contest performances an appraisal, production, sales quotes and commission pay-all these systems are implemented in the belief that they drive performance. 


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