CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
It has become more generally acceptable that structural arrangement of resources in an organization is composed of the human and materials resource, this shows that the management of an organization is not complete without any one of the two form effective management however, human resources that are under study, will be discussed in the area of labour turnover in an organization, this is because the constant exist of labour in an organization may jeopardize , his operation and productivity, in the light of this human resources management therefore needed in an organization.
Labour turnover is an organization become deteriment to the organization. It is not quickly taken into consideration, this is so special when the organization does not seek for immediate replacement of competent and qualified labour turnover whenever ignorE poses a barrier to the progress at an organization, however the current labour turnover in an organization and industries especially in Nigeria is not brought about by the causes performances to fall below expectation.
There is an distribution in the planning and low moral among the rank and file operational officers with in the organization.
Labour turnover especially if it is that of chief executive officers is quite detrimental to the concerned organization as poor performance, low productivity and fall employment morale would guise , this has an adverse effect on he progress of such organization.
Furthermore productivity itself cannot be achieved without efficient labour , labour in efficiency in the management of labour, this itself has been as a result of other variables such as labour turnover, absenteeism work stoppage such as strike and lockalt, the dissatisfied workers find it difficult to adjust to rigid requirement of the employed “fourteen out of twenty six studies found out that worker will positive job attitude showed higher productivity than those will negative attitude.
Therefore , this study is being understanding to analyze the various variables, which could lead to labour turnover in an organization and the effect of such leaving an productivity.
1.2 PROBLEM OF THE STUDY
The rate at which workers are living industries is became rampant, the management also does not bother to suspend or terminate employee due to workers attitude to work these indifference are usually, being caused by the poor human resource management because of existence of had management and management relationship.
Poor human resources management may manage where the have to motivate employee (motivation) is lacking, these how ever will lead to instability to labour productivity in Nigeria, most employee are such as good salary, promotion medical working job security e.t.c are inadequate or absent and absence of these usually result is labour turnover need to be aforementioned facts, labour turnover need to be redressing by paying attention to workers needs because this will go a long way to improve productivity of the workers.
1.3 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The major objective of the study is to analyze the effect of the labour turnover on organization al productivity other objective of this study are as follows:
- To identify the causes and effect of labour turnover in an organization, it is pertinent that every workers that leaves the organization has no in other reasons why they left and this will actively have effect on the whole organization.
- To analyze the consequence of labour turnover on the organizational productivity human resources is indispensable in an organization, they are the one that will put material resources together for desired output.
- To determine the effect of research system on labour turnover, this research will show whether invitation or reward has negative or positive effect of supervision on labour turnover the relationship between the supervision and workers will be used as a major tool in determine the effectiveness of the organization.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is aimed at focusing on the effect of labour turnover on organizational productivity as a result , the study will be important to production industries particularly (N.N.P.C) Ilorin it will be of great importance to production industries particularly those who want to know to minimize labour turnover in heir organization, the research work will be useful to other organization on how to achieve best organizational productivity and manage human resources manger on how to be effective in his or her administration, it will also save as references to industrial organization wishing to improve the labour productivity and reduce their labour turnover so that the improved productivity of labour will serve as sign of development for the organizational, also not to lose serv9ices of their valuable and productive workers the study could be useful to all management students to these issues would be great benefit.
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study is specially design to critically examine the effectiveness of labour turnover, on organization productivity and the research covered areas conceptual scope, industrial scope, territorial scope, time scope.
Ø CONCEPTUAL SCOPE: Special impact of this work based on effectively of labour turnover on organization productivity and the source of the work is based on the question are journals textbook e.t.c
Ø INDUSTRIAL SCOPE: This study will cover(NNPC) and other relate using their raw material.
Ø TERRITORIAL SCOPE: This study is in Asa dam
Ø TIME SCOPE: It cover a year and half.
1.6 LIMITATION S TO THE STUDY
This research suppose to cover all the activities involve in(NNPC, Ilorin) but for purpose of this work, the research will limit their study on those aspect due to uncontrollable element and non-response of respondent among the problems was non-compliance of the protocols to the followed before some piece of information were rested.
Lack of finance is one of the major problem faced by the researcher also, research equipment is another problem that we encountered which contribute towards the limitation of method wed. And also the highest project is also another financial constraint encountered by the researcher.
Again time has been one of the major constraint in writing this project because being a final student a lot of lot of academic works and activitions have to be combined and carried along with the project work.
Finally, there is also inadequacy of textbook in the school library where the data could be collected, and most of the information available are out dated and does not confirm, with the present situation of the economy.