Motivation is the process of influencing and stimulating a person to take action that will accomplish a desired goal. In an organization, personnel are said to be motivated if they perform their job efficiently and effectively.
Abraham maslour has proposed a widely accepted pattern of an organization might help to satisfy these basic needs. Maslour states that individual are motivated to satisfy certain unsatisfied needs
Motivation is the driving force by which we achieve our goals. Motivation is said to be intrinsic or extrinsic, the term is generally used for humans but it can also be used to described as the cause for animal behavior as well.
This article refers to human motivation
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
1.0 General introduction
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Aims and objective of the study
1.4 Significance of the study
1.5 Scope of the study
1.6 Limitation and constraints
1.7 Definition of terms
1.8 Historical background of the case study
2.0 Review of relevant literature
2.1 Meaning of motivation
2.2 Different between motivation and satisfaction
2.3 Staff motivation a tool of increasing productivity
2.4 A system of viewing motivation in an organization
2.5 Special motivation technique in an organization
2.7 Application theory of motivation in unilever Nigeria plc Lagos
2.8 The importance of motivation
2.9 Motivation theories and its method of increasing productivity
3.0 Research methodology
3.1Source of data collection
3.2 Instrument used in collection of data
3.3Research population and sample size
3.4Method of data analysis
4.0 Data presentation and analysis
4.1 Interpretation of data
4.2Test of hypothesis
4.3Discussion of findings
5.0 Summary recommendation and conclusion
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
According to various theories motivation may be rested in a basic needs to minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure or it may include specific need such as eating and resting or a desired objective, goal, state of being, idea or it may be attributed to less apparent reason such as altruism, selfness, morality or avoiding morality conceptually, motivation should not be confused with either volition or optimism. Motivation is related to but distinct from emotion. One of the most stimulating and controversial theories, human nature proposed in recent years is that of Fredrick Hertzberg.
HERTZBERG MOTIVATION-HYGIENE THEORY
This growl out of research directed toward determining what factor lead to satisfaction on the job. The usual approach is one of examining a number of factors such as the work itself, pay, working condition supervisor status security and the likes
VROOM’S EXPECTATION THEORY OF MOTIVATIONIt is essential for manager to develop an understanding of human needs and the variety of organization available to satisfy the need of employer the need approach to motivation as developed by maslour and Hertzberg does not adequately account for difference in individual why people behave in certain way in accomplishing goals.
ABRAHAM MASLOW THEORY OF MOTIVATION
This is another tradition in the area of behavior psychology which claims a far better divergence or perspective is the best actualizing man model.
He identify factor which underline human behavior or the attitude disposition of the individual. Man according to maslow is a wanting animal.
Maslow found that people tends to satisfy their needs in a particular order. Maslow theory is based on two assumptions.
i.That people have a number of need that require some measure of satisfaction and only unsatisfied the need of motivation behavior and
ii.The need of people are arrange in hierarchy of prepotency which means that as each low-level need is satisfaction the need, at the next level demand attention basically human being are motivated to satisfy psychology need first(food, clothing, shelter) then they seek to realize their potential which maslow called self actualization.
THEORIES OF MOTIVATION
The carrot and stick approach: this theory related the use of reward and penalties (punishment) in order to induce the desired behavior despite all recent research and theories, reward and punishment are still important and referred strong motivation
1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It is the responsibility of the management to their ability so that the organization objective which Are profit
making and high productivioty will be realized.
More so, the low level of production in some organization may be an outcome of poor motivation as a result of this, management needs to ensure that workers are more productive.
Without adequate planning workers participation in decision making execution and control measure, effective motivation of workers of their workers would be in vain.
1.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The aims of this study general proportion that as one advance long the organization structures his needs will advance along with hum and this need must be satisfied
The overall objective of this study is to know in particular the state of motivation and how it is being acquire in an organization.
- To make recommendation
- To highlight different method of inducing motivation into works in any business set up
iii. To discover the problems relating to business organization toward the motivation of the employees in an organizational set up.
- To analysis various method of motivational skills
- To establish an environment favourable to certain drive through motivation
- To provide significant method used by motivation to increase productivity.
1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The below level productivity rate in some organization for many years may be as a result of poor motivation.
This study of significance in that, it knows motivating workers for better performance and higher productivity
Beside, student choosing personnel management as a carrier will make the research work valuable and challenging in that its importance is revealed and logically treated.
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY.
The scope being adopted for this study is descriptive survey research scope. It should be noted that the objective of the study is to find out the roles motivation plays in the working lives of the employee and the impact it has on the organizational effectiveness. It has been carefully considered with other types of research scope. In other to meet the purpose and objective set in this research system which has a fair representation of the whole population has been adopted in administrating the questioners directed to employees in the organization.
1.5 LIMITATION AND CONSTRAINTS
It takes only a moment given times, individual motivates may be quite complex and conflicting. A person may be economic good and service and even this desire may be complex and conflicting.
This shows that nom matter the effort this research work may put into the statement of the study schedule. Some imperfection is likely to surface.
This is true because every research work project has some extraneous circumstance that can create imperfection like the one stated above of the ability of the management to know that individual( employee) needs are, and these imperfection obtained at the organization used as case study (unilever plc Lagos), some of the staff were constantly remained of the need to fill and return their questionnaire in time to get some management I staff to supply answer to the oral questions was not so easy as they were often on official assignment, the problem of cognate textbook to research study, because of the nature of our school library and economy.
Nevertheless, after so many visit to the organization and library, some information relevant to the study was acquireed.
Lastly, there was the problem of finance. The financial commitment and deposition for the research to visit it all other similar companies. Also the time available is not sufficient enough to go about the research work.